These children do not accept the internment with easiness and suffer very in the accomplishment of the examinations to determine one diagnosis. The performance of the team is basic mainly if to deal with a negative prognostic, and for the child who nothing felt, if becomes impossible not to blame hospitalization, the team and the family for the suffering for which it must pass. On the other hand, children who are physically weak, obtain to better accept hospitalization in the measure where this situation will bring the reduction of its physical suffering. However the aggressive urgency of the attendance and behaviors scare also them and get depressed resulting in loss of heart and fear ahead of the necessity of other internments (AXE; MARTINS, 2002, P. 37-38). The presence of the parents next to the hospitalized child is another aspect sufficiently studied. In the Statute of the Child and the Adolescent, Law 8069/90, in the chapter I, Article 12, says that if ' ' internado&#039 guarantees the right of familiar accompaniment in integral time to the /adolescente child; '. (ECA, 1990).

This subject, second Rasp (2004) was legalized after the launching of the campaign ' ' Participante&#039 mother; ' , stimulated for the Society of Pediatrics of So Paulo, in 1988. The program obtained to prove that the presence of the mother diminua mortality and also the stay of the child in the hospital. Other works carried through in peditricas infirmaries of the state of So Paulo, equally evidence the fact, denying what it was thought previously: that the mothers increased the level of risk of infections of the children. However, of all the decurrent negative aspects of the fact of the parents not to be gifts at this so difficult moment for the child, the greater of all is the separation of the sick child of its mother, that is, the privation materna.

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