Sterling (1988): stress is mainly psychological and physical adaptation to changing living and environmental conditions. Central stress organ is the brain, which is especially activated via the hypothalamic-pituitary adrenal axis and partly modified. A permanent activation leads to allostatic load, which increases the risk of many diseases. The Allostase model represents the latest bio-psychological stress model. Additional information is available at PCRM. Note: Meditation causes the DIS stress reduction, strengthening of the immune system and thus the self-healing powers. In recent months, Dr. John Mcdougall has been very successful. > Allostase Describes the process through which the body requirement of situations (stress) maintains a stability include future loads through physiological and behavioral changes. This adjustment reaction is first fundamentally adaptive, but with increased physical demands and therefore greater wear and tear”(wear and tear) accompanied by.

> After Lazarus (1974): in addition to the above mentioned models are inserted personal valuation levels. Therefore, stress is determined with much of cognitive assessment processes. Stress is an interaction between the (individual) person and the environment. It has been shown that stress by setting and experience can be influenced. > The job-demand-control model (also known as request control) by Robert A.

Karasek * turns out two components: the work requirement on the one hand and on the other hand the discretion. Stress is created according to this model, especially if the high requirements and at the same time the discretion is small. > The parasympathetic nervous system is one of the three components of the autonomic nervous system, which more oxygen in the blood (red blood cells) strengthens the immune system is responsible for the involuntary, that is subject to the will of not, control of most internal organs and blood circulation. It is also called calm nerve”referred to because it serves metabolism, regeneration and building of reserves (trophotrope effect). It provides for rest, recreation and conservation. > Largely opposite functions are controlled by the sympathetic nervous system, which causes an increase in performance of the organism and attack or escape behavior and extraordinary efforts (ergotrope effect).

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